On 1 st Muharram 1435 coincide with the date 5 November 2013 is the beginning of a new year for Muslims worldwide. 1 st Muharram 1435 who actually have come at maghrib time date 4 November 2013, since the turn of the new Hijri year of the Islamic calendar is in the Sunset. Unlike in BC that changed promptly at 00:00.
Penetapan kalender Hijriyah done in the period of Caliph Umar bin Khattab, a set of events Prophet emigrated from Mecca to Medina. Hijri calendar also consists of 12 month, by the number of days ranged 29-30 day. Determination 12 this month according to the word of Allah Almighty Subhana:
|“||The number of months with Allah is twelve months, in the ordinance of God at the time He created the heavens and the earth, of them four are sacred. It is (provision) right religion, so do you persecute me in the four months, and fight against the unbelievers it all as they fight you all; and know that Allah is with those who fear Allah.||”|
– At Tawbah(9):36 –
Previous, Arabs pre-apostolic Prophet Muhammad have used the months of the Hijri calendar is. It's just that they do not specify how this year, but in what. For example, we know that the Prophet Muhammad was born in the year gajah.Abu Musa Al-Asyari as one governor at the time of Caliph Umar. write a letter to the Commander of the Faithful that it asks the letters from the Caliph no year, only date and month only, so confusing. Caliph Umar then gather some friends at the time senior. They were Uthman bin Affan r.a., Ali bin Abi Thalib r.a., Abdurrahman bin Auf r.a., Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas r.a., Zubair bin Awwam r.a., and Thalhan bin Ubaidullah r.a. They are consulted on Islamic calendar. Was proposed by milad Prophet. There is also a proposed based on Muhammad's ascension into messenger. And received is the proposal of Ali bin Abi Talib ra. which is based on the momentum of the Prophet Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Yatstrib (Madinah). But all agree with the proposal Ali r.a. and determined that the first year of the Islamic calendar is at the time of the Prophet's emigration. While the names of the months in the Hijri calendar is taken from the names of months and have no place at that time in the Arab region. (wikipedia)
The meaning of Hijrah or move / change was an important emphasis on the Islamic new year. Turn of the year must be accompanied with a change for the better. Whether it be physically moved or also move / change mentally / morally. Islamic new year is not a year that passes in a luxurious and magnificent festivities, but go by the board, However, the new Hijri year is an event muhasabah (Evaluation) to assess what has been done. Then take new steps to migrate or change towards a better.
The most fundamental Hijrah to do was to move herself alone. An example might be as repair daily prayers. Incomplete prayer 5 time to try to come, Already complete the Prayer 5 times a day, may be fixed at the time of prayer is the beginning of prayer time. Who's been praying at the beginning of time trying to pray together and so on. So also with deeds (amal) should continue to be improved, What was once a grumpy trying to be gentle. What was once a hobby gossip try to talk as needed. Female companion who had previously not hijab, try into use.
All know no man who never guilty, therefore, then there is no reason for despair make improvements. We must be changes our self to better deeds. Indifferent to others who think we “sanctimonious”, “quosi good person”, “well the most lasting only a week”. Leave it alone, anyway if we slip back doing the same mistake at least we've tried. God is more fair assessment right, and we are looking for others rather than evaluation. Never mind.. shouldn't bother other people expect evaluation, hope in others it will be painful. Better hope to God who has everything.
Hopefully this year we can be a better person, and continue to make improvements. Continue to remind one another in righteousness, encourage one another in patience.
The man lost to in [١٠٣:٢]
Except those who believe and do good works, and exhort one another to truth and exhort one another to patience [١٠٣:٣]
[103:1] By the time.
[103:2] Behold, the man is really in loss,
[103:3] Except those who believe and do righteous deeds and counsel advised to adhere to truth and advised counsel that fulfill patience.